Festivals and Fasts

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ObservanceDay and Month (Start / End)Miqra / Other (Not Exhaustive)Notes
Shabbath7th day (Friday / Saturday)Bereishit (Genesis) 2:1 – 4
Shemot (Exodus) 16:25 – 30
Vayikra (Leviticus) 23:3
Bamidbar (Numbers) 28:9 – 10
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 5:12 – 15
Mikdash Me’at – Section 3
The day starts and ends at dark, most observers will start at sunset and finish slightly after Nautical Twilight. The day is about an hour longer than a solar day making the observance about 25 hours long.
Pesach15th day of AvivShemot (Exodus) 12
Vayikra (Leviticus) 23:5
Bamidbar (Numbers) 28:16
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 16:1 – 8
Mikdash Me’at – Section 4
Pesach would start with the sacrifice of the lamb on the 14th of Aviv, preparation, cooking, and Haggadah which can go late into the night of the 15th of Aviv.
Matzoth, Day 115th day of AvivShemot (Exodus) 12:15 – 20
Vayikra (Leviticus) 23:6 – 7
Bamidbar (Numbers) 28:17 – 24
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 16:1 – 8
Mikdash Me’at – Section 5
Matzoth starts with the eating of the Pesach and starts the eating of Matzah for 7 days ending at dark on the 7th day. Remembering the Pesach and exodus, not having leavened bread.
Matzoth, Day 721st day of AvivShemot (Exodus) 12:15 – 20
Vayikra (Leviticus) 23:8
Bamidbar (Numbers) 28:25
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 16:1 – 8
Mikdash Me’at – Section 5
Matzoth starts with the eating of the Pesach and starts the eating of Matzah for 7 days ending at dark on the 7th day. Remembering the Pesach and exodus, not having leavened bread.
Wave SheafSunday during MatzothShemot (Exodus) 23:16
Vayikra (Leviticus) 23:10 – 14
Bamidbar (Numbers) 28:17 – 25
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 16:9
Mikdash Me’at – Section 6
The day after the Shabbath, or the first day of the week. Wave Sheaf falls on the first day of the week during the Matzoth. The Wave Sheaf is day one of the 49-day count to the start of the Shavuoth day.
Shavuoth50th day from Wave SheafShemot (Exodus) 23:16
Vayikra (Leviticus) 23:15 – 22
Bamidbar (Numbers) 28:26 – 31
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 16:9 – 12
Mikdash Me’at – Section 6
The end of the 49-day count inclusive the Wave Sheaf starts Shavuoth day, which is the 50th day.
Fast – Seige by Babylon, Famine9th day of the Fourth MonthMelachim II (2 Kings) 25:3-7
Mikdash Me’at – Section 8
The fast of the 4th Month mourns the Babylonians’ breaching of the walls of Jerusalem, an event that would lead to the destruction of the First Temple and the First Exile.
Fast – Beth Hamikdash 7th day of the Fifth MonthMelachim II (2 Kings) 25:8-10
Yirmiyahu (Jeremiah) 52:12-14
Mikdash Me’at – Section 8
The fast of the 5th Month mourns the burning and destruction of the First Temple at the hands of the Babylonians.
Fast – Beth Hamikdash 10th day of the Fifth MonthMelachim II (2 Kings) 25:8-10
Yirmiyahu (Jeremiah) 52:12-14
Mikdash Me’at – Section 8
The fast of the 5th Month mourns the burning and destruction of the First Temple at the hands of the Babylonians.
Yom Teruah1st day of Ethanim (Seventh Month)Vayikra (Leviticus) 23:24 – 25
Bamidbar (Numbers) 29:1 – 6
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 16:13 – 15
Mikdash Me’at – Section 7
Yom Teruah starts with the new moon sighted to start the 7th month (Ethanim). Day of shouting, calling out to יהוה.
Yom Kippur10th day of Ethanim (Seventh Month)Shemot (Exodus) 30:10 – 16
Vayikra (Leviticus) 16, 23:27 – 32
Bamidbar (Numbers) 29:10 – 11
Mikdash Me’at – Section 8
10th day of the 7th month, fasting for forgiveness from יהוה for unknown sins and trespasses.
Succoth, Day 115th day of Ethanim (Seventh Month)Shemot (Exodus) 23:16
Vayikra (Leviticus) 23:34 – 35, 39
Bamidbar (Numbers) 29:12 – 31
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 16:13 – 15
Mikdash Me’at – Section 9
The 15th day of the 7th month representing our wandering in the wilderness.
Succoth, Day 721st day of Ethanim (Seventh Month)Shemot (Exodus) 23:16
Vayikra (Leviticus) 23:36-39
Bamidbar (Numbers) 29:32 – 34
Devarim (Deuteronomy) 16:13 – 15
Mikdash Me’at – Section 9
The 21st day of the 7th month representing our wandering in the wilderness.
Shemini Atzeret22nd day of Ethanim (Seventh Month)Vayikra (Leviticus) 23:39
Bamidbar (Numbers) 29:35 – 39
Mikdash Me’at – Section 9
The 22nd day of the 7th month representing the gathering of the assembly.
Fast – Seventh Month24th day of Ethanim (Seventh Month)Melachim II (2 Kings) 25:22-26
Mikdash Me’at – Section 8
The people are recorded to have fasted on the 24th of the Seventh Month (Nehemiah 9:1) and this event is identified by the sages as being “the fast of the 7th Month” mentioned in Zechariah 8:19.
Fast – Seige by Babylon10th day of Tenth MonthMelachim II (2 Kings) 25:1
Mikdash Me’at – Section 8
The Fast of the 10th month mourns the start of the Babylonian siege against Jerusalem, an event that would lead to the First Exile.
Purim14th day of Twelfth MonthEster 9:14-21
Mikdash Me’at – Section 23
A memorial day dedicated to the miracle of saving all the Jews.

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